Recent legislation in the UE economic domain to deny irregular African migrants the right to work, deprives them of the possibility of going back to their homeland and keeps them in Europe despite racist aggressions and legal limitations.

A recent study on 1,970 migrants from 39 African countries in 13 EU nations shows 81% of the respondents said working and sending money back is their primary or secondary factor in their decision to migrate, while only 3% said a better life was the single biggest factor driving that decision.

Authors discovered a small number of the migrants move to Europe to settle permanently through asylum or protection-related reasons, but a large number arrive in Europe through irregular means to work and send money back to their families and communities.

Remittances represent a significant boon to the African economy—money sent back to Sub-Saharan Africa grew by almost 10% to $46 billion in 2018. Once in Europe, the report found, these economic migrants who began earning were actually less likely to want to stay permanently compared to those not earning.